The current leading literature on leadership distinguishes between “transformational leadership” (which is able to transform thinking, attitudes, and the status quo with a new vision and the motivation to pursue that vision), and “transactional leadership” (really more “management” – getting things done quickly and well). The best leadership consists of elements of both.

Leading academics argues that good leadership requires four elements: charisma, inspirational motivation, intellectual stimulation, and individualized consideration of the welfare of followers. Obviously you cannot train people to be charismatic, but the other attributes of leadership are very amenable to capacity strengthening techniques.


Writings, Publications, and Quotations on Leadership

Chloe’s Writings and Publications

Ethical Minister of State – 2006 (237kb)

Business Leadership in Africa – A Personal Integrity Challenge  9 Jan 08 (151kb)

Chloe’s Powerpoint Presentations

Leading Good Governance (3) (291kb)

Presentation to the Transitional Federal Government in Somalia Oct 30 08 (1,906kb)



Leadership is not a person or a position. It is a complex moral relationship between people, based on trust, obligation, commitment, emotion, and a shared vision of the good.

Joanne Ciulla

Ethics lie at the heart of all human relationships and hence at the heart of the relationship between leaders and followers.

Joanne Ciulla



(Excerpt from speech in South Africa at President Nelson Madela’s memorial service; referring to Mandela): …nothing he achieved was inevitable.  In the arc of his life, we see a man who earned his place in history through struggle and shrewdness, and persistence and faith.  He tells us what is possible not just in the pages of history books, but in our own lives as well.

Mandela understood the ties that bind the human spirit.  There is a word in South Africa — Ubuntu — a word that captures Mandela’s greatest gift:  his recognition that we are all bound together in ways that are invisible to the eye; that there is a oneness to humanity; that we achieve ourselves by sharing ourselves with others, and caring for those around us.

It took a man like Madiba to free not just the prisoner, but the jailer as well, to show that you must trust others so that they may trust you; to teach that reconciliation is not a matter of ignoring a cruel past, but a means of confronting it with inclusion and generosity and truth.  He changed laws, but he also changed hearts.

President Barack Obama